Eye contact: A challenge with real benefits by David M.G. Lewis, PhD

This is about humans, but first we’re going to talk about wolves and dogs. You’re not a wolf, and that’s a good thing. Wolves are extremely intelligent animals who are adept at navigating their own ecology, including through complex strategic cooperative hunting. But even after being reared by humans, wolves can’t see humans as social partners (Gácsi et al., 2005; Miklósi et al., 2003). Dogs, on the other hand, can – and they benefit from seeing us as individuals who can support them in times of need.

A few years ago, scientists conducted several research studies investigating the social and cognitive differences between dogs and wolves (Gácsi et al., 2005; Miklósi et al., 2003). In one study Continue reading